At some point in one’s life, they will have to write a CV and a resume for job hunting or professional purposes. While many people think both terms are interchangeable, they have their own purpose and are not one in the same. While the primary difference between the two has to do with the length of the document, below are ways to differentiate the CV from the resume and when to use one over the other.
A curriculum vitae, or a CV, is a summary of a person’s skills and experience. It is usually two to three pages in length and is used to convey one’s academic background—maybe for a fellowship or a scholarship grant.
Just like a resume, the CV must contain one’s name and contact information. While it is totally fine for a person to list their skills in a CV, the main reason organizations ask for an applicant’s curriculum vitae is to gain insight into one’s academic achievements. It can include one’s professional licenses, awards, grants and fellowships, publications, and teaching experiences.
Resumes also provide a summary of a person’s work history, accomplishments, and academic background, but it must focus on their career summary statement and objectives. It is usually a page long and is preferred to be concise for easier reading. It is commonly used in job applications.